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By Robert Rapier on Apr 24, 2013 with 6 responses

Test Your International Oil IQ

In last week’s column, we examined some oil production trivia involving US states. This week, we look at some international oil trivia covering the 5-year period 2007-2011, as well as some individual trivia from 2012.

In this case, the data sources are the 2012 BP Statistical Review of World Energy and the Energy Information Administration. A table showing the Top 15 countries with the highest percentage increases in oil production over the past five years follows the quiz. Answers are at the end.

1. Which country had the largest percentage increase in oil production from 2007 to 2011?

a. Canada
b. United States
c. Russia
d. Columbia

2. Which country produced the most oil in 2011?

a. Iraq
b. Qatar
c. United States
d. Brazil

3. Which country supplied no oil exports to the US in 2012?

a. China
b. Chad
c. Cameroon
d. Qatar

4. Which country was not among the Top 5 suppliers of oil to the US in 2012?

a. Nigeria
b. Venezuela
c. Iraq
d. Saudi Arabia

5. Which country was the largest export destination for refined products (e.g., gasoline, diesel, jet fuel) from the US in 2012?

a. Canada
b. Mexico
c. The Netherlands
d. Brazil

Here are the Top 15 countries with the largest percentage increases in oil production from 2007 to 2011.

Top 15 Increases in Oil Production
Oil Production Increases in Countries from 2007 to 2011 (Source: 2012 BP Statistical Review of World Energy).

Answers

1. US oil production increased by a respectable 15% over this time period, but that lagged far behind the 67% increase in oil production that took place in Columbia.

2. US oil production in 2011 exceeded that of the other three countries combined.

3. According to the EIA, Qatar is the only country among the four from which the US imported zero oil in 2012.

4. Nigeria is traditionally one of the Top 5 suppliers of oil to the US, but declining production there plus an increase in production from Iraq caused Nigeria to slip behind Iraq and out of the Top 5.

5. All four countries imported significant amounts of products from US refineries, but Mexico was the top destination for US exports. In 2012 the US imported 970,000 bpd of crude oil from Mexico and sent them nearly 600,000 bpd of finished products.

Link to Original Article: Test Your International Oil IQ

By Robert Rapier

  1. By tennie davis on April 26, 2013 at 1:58 am

    Robert, after 7 years of being a regular reader of your blog, I have increased my oil IQ to well above average.
    Now if you would just give me a few tips on improving my “non oil” IQ, I could go hob-nob with mensa;)

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  2. By Warren Stephens on April 26, 2013 at 12:24 pm

    Do you have a quick number for the amount of carbon produced by the burning of natural gas in the production of crude from tar sands? In other words, the natural gas’s percentage of the total carbon that results from burning the crude produced that way?

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    • By Robert Rapier on April 26, 2013 at 2:10 pm

      Hi Warren. Yes, I discussed this in The Energy Return of Tar Sands: http://www.energytrendsinsider.com/2008/11/14/the-energy-return-of-tar-sands/

      Here is the relevant exchange:

      Oilsands Review: How much energy do you consume for every barrel of oil you produce?

      Marcel Coutu: About 1.5 gigajoules (1.5 MCF of natural gas equivalent) per barrel. That’s higher than 0.8 MCF, the number I mentioned earlier; that refers to purchased energy. The total energy we consume in our operations includes energy we generate as a by-product to our upgrading processes. It is largely electrical energy, in which we are more than self-sufficient.

      We produce a lot of waste gas from our processes, and use that to fire gas turbines. We also have a lot of waste heat from our operations, and we raise steam with that heat and put that steam into steam turbines. This makes our operations more efficient.

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      • By Warren Stephens on April 26, 2013 at 3:59 pm

        Thanks, I did look at that discussion.

        So if the tar sands operators were to replace the outside energy 0.8 Mcf equivalent (currently natural gas? coal?) consumed in their production process with energy sourced from nuclear or hydro (i.e. a non-carbon energy) then the relative “carbon energy return on carbon energy invested” (CEROCEI) of the tar sands produced diesel/gasoline rises from 2.9/1 to 4.8/1, or potentially to 11.6/1 (if the whole 1.5 Mcf equivalent is replaced)?

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        • By Robert Rapier on April 27, 2013 at 1:49 pm

          I think if you replaced the entire 1.5 Mcf with non-carbon energy, then I believe that the CEROCEI as you put it would actually be infinity. You have zero carbon consumed and a carbon output, which would make it infinity. How do you come up with 11.6? Or are you considering carbon inputs into the gasoline refining steps? I suppose if you did that, then the number would be in that range.

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      • By Warren Stephens on April 27, 2013 at 8:48 am

        Uh… my question about the “carbon-EROEI” of the tar sands brings up a bigger question: does mankind only have 1 choice for liquid fuels, burning carbons chains? There are no other liquids that burn in air that are based on other molecules?

        And only 2 choices for gaseous fuels: hydro-carbons (nat gas,butane, etc) and pure hydrogen?

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