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By Andrew Holland on Apr 18, 2012 with 5 responses

The Failure of Republicans and Democrats on Gas Prices

Red Herrings: Speculation & Regulation

As I noted last week, I have been working on a short paper for ASP on gas prices. It was published earlier today with a title of “Cause & Effect: U.S. Gasoline Prices.” I also published an Op-Ed in The HillRunning on empty: Failing to address high gas prices“ and was quoted in Reuters saying “The truth is, neither party is offering policies that will effectively address high gas prices.”

The report seeks to get beyond both party’s preferred narratives on gas prices and looks more deeply at the root causes of today’s high gasoline prices. Hopefully, it will puncture some of the assertions and rhetoric that both political parties use about gas prices, whether it’s shouting “speculation!” by those on the left or “too much regulation!” by those on the right.

The truth, of course, is that crude oil is the essential ingredient to 90% of our gasoline supply (ethanol is blended in to provide the other 10%).  Although gasoline prices vary widely around the world due to differing tax regimes, regulatory rules, and market requirements, crude oil is a globally traded commodity with prices set in a global marketplace.

This Isn’t the 1950′s

The root problem with the politics of gas prices in the U.S. right now is a failure to admit that we are only a (relatively) small part of a global market. It is as if we were stuck in the 1950s, where production from the U.S. was more than half of the world’s production. Republicans think that all we need to do is produce more, and prices will come down, while Democrats think that it’s all about how Wall Street trades oil contracts. These measures would probably work if the U.S. were producing and consuming half of the world’s oil production. But, in a world where we’re responsible for 9% of production, while consuming 20%, we simply do not have the ability to control prices.

The American market is no longer the most important factor in prices; growth in countries like Brazil, China, and India means that we are at the whims of global prices.

If anything, it is the threat of another war in the Middle East that is driving up prices. A conflict between Israel and Iran, possibly including the U.S., would put the 15 million barrels of oil per day that sails through the Strait of Hormuz at risk. Oil speculators are rightly placing a ‘risk premium’ on world oil supplies because a closure of the Straits of Hormuz would catastrophically drive up the price of oil.

I think the only thing that American politicians could do to reduce the price of oil in the short term, and hence the price of gasoline, is to diplomatically resolve issues with Iran, not further ratchet up tensions.

  1. By Edward Kerr on April 19, 2012 at 9:45 am

    While backing away from our confrontational approach to Iran would have a salutary effect on gasoline prices in the short term the price of fuels derived from, so called, fossil oil will only rise until we develop substantial renewable drop-in bio-fuels. The technology exists needing only to be ramped up. It’s the political side that is hampering the process (which, by the way, is inevitable).

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    • By Andrew Holland on April 19, 2012 at 12:29 pm

      Edward – totally agree. Resolving the conflict with Iran is only a short-term approach to lowering prices. I mention it only in the context of the other “solutions” that are also short-term. In the long-term – or even medium-term – there’s a lot happening that will get us of oil.

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  2. By Lonnie McVaigh on April 19, 2012 at 12:14 pm

     

    PRESIDENT OBAMA,

    THIS IS JUST WRONG:

    Over 5000 Energy related Patents have been CLASSIFIED because of National Security since 2007. Our Department of Defense skims these innovations to be first used for Military Actions to control the world. Political trenches have been dug to stop WE THE PEOPLE from the Nations Control Panel by Banks and the Federal Reserve hindering CONSUMERS in favor of the Wealthy Business Sector. (LOOK AT WALL STREET STOCKS)

     

    ARPA-E Stands for the American Governments Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy. But, it is an offshoot of DARPA the DEFENSE ARPA which skims and classifies the best innovations for Military Contractors to develop and those Business’s have a HUGE CONFLICT OF INTEREST… PROFIT!!!

    Just run a Wikipedia Search on ARPA and you’ll find out it’s real name!!! THE DTO or… The DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE which is responsible for the Department of Defenses unit to maintain MARKET CONDITIONS… Not exactly a CONSUMER friendly agency for WE THE PEOPLE!!!

     

    http://arpa-e.energy.gov/

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    • By Andrew Holland on April 19, 2012 at 12:27 pm

      I’m not sure how to respond to this… 

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  3. By shecky vegas on April 19, 2012 at 7:58 pm

    Methinks Lonnie is in the wrong blog…

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